On This Day in History, April 01

April 1st is commonly known for April Fools’ Day jokes, where people do practical jokes to their loved ones. As you enjoy humorous moments, spare some time to read this list of major events that happened on this day in history.

  • 1934 -Clyde Barrow killed two young highway patrolmen, H. D. Murphy and Edward Bryant Wheeler. Bonnie Parker’s role in the murders helped turn public perception against the gang for good.
  • 1939 -General Franco proclaimed his victory in the Spanish civil war.
  • 1940 -Nobel Prize laureate Wangari Maathai was born on this day.
  • 1948 -The Berlin Airlift began.
  • 1952- Big Bang theory was proposed in Physical Review by Alpher, Bethe & George Gamow.
  • 1954-The U.S. Air Force Academy was formed in Colorado.
  • 1957– The BBC broadcast the spaghetti tree hoax, which portrayed a Swiss family harvesting spaghetti from a tree.
  • 1960-France exploded 2 atom bombs in the Sahara Desert.
  • 1963– The Soap operas “General Hospital” and “Doctors” premiered on television.
  • 1970-The U.S. Army charged Captain Ernest Medina in the My Lai massacre.
  • 1970-U.S. President Nixon signed the bill, the Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act, that banned cigarette advertisements to be effective on January 1, 1971.
  • 1971-The United Kingdom lifted all restrictions on gold ownership.
  • 1972-North Vietnamese and Viet Cong troops renewed their offensive in South Vietnam.
  • 1974– Ayatollah Khomeini called for the Islamic Republic in Iran.
  • 1976– Apple Inc. was founded in the garage of Jobs’ parents house in Cupertino, California.
  • 1992-NHL players began the first strike in 75-year history; 10-day action earns a large playoff bonus increase, more control over licensing of their likenesses, and changes to the free agency system.
  • 2001- The Netherlands became the first country to allow same-sex marriage.
  • 2001– Slobodan Milošević was arrested.
  • 2004-Gateway Inc. announced that it would be closing all of its 188 stores on April 9.
  • 2017– Bob Dylan received his Nobel Prize for Literature at a private ceremony in Stockholm.

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